Select a specific condition below to view its details.
Arthritis is the swelling and tenderness of one or more joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis causes cartilage — the hard, slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones where they form a joint — to break down. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the immune syst Read More
- Arthritis, infectious
Infectious arthritis is an inflammation of one or more joints that occurs as a result of infection by bacteria, viruses or, less frequently, fungi or parasites. The symptoms of Infectious arthritis depend upon which agent has caused the infection but symptoms often include fever, chills, general weakness, and headaches, followed by inflammation and painful swelling of one or more joints of the body.Most often, the infection begins Read More
- Arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis in children under the age of 16.
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis can cause persistent joint pain, swelling and stiffness. Some children may experience symptoms for only a few months, while others have symptoms for many years.
Some types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis can Read More
- Avascular necrosis of bone
Osteonecrosis, also known as avascular necrosis, is a disease resulting from the temporary or permanent loss of the blood supply to the bones. Without blood, the bone tissue dies and causes the bone to collapse. If the process involves the bones near a joint, it often leads to collapse of the joint surface. This disease also is known, aseptic necrosis, and ischemic bone necrosis.Although it can happen in any bone, osteonecrosis mos Read More
- Connective tissue disease
Early indications of mixed connective tissue disease can include:
General feeling of being unwell. This malaise may be accompanied by increased fatigue and a mild fever.
Cold and numb fingers or toes (Raynaud's disease). In response to cold or stress, your fingers or toes might turn white and then purplish blue. After warming, the fingers or toes turn red.
Swollen fin Read More
- Cryoglobulinemia, essential mixed
Mixed cryoglobulinemia is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of cryoglobulins in the blood. Cryoglobulins are abnormal proteins that thicken and clump together at cold temperatures, usually below 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit (the average human body temperature). However, the exact temperature at which this occurs may vary from one person to another. When these proteins clump together, they can restrict blood flow to joints, muscles, and Read More
- Hypermobility syndrome
Hypermobility syndrome facts
The joint hypermobility syndrome is a condition that features joints that easily move beyond the normal range expected for a particular joint.
Hypermobile joints tend to be inherited.
Symptoms of the joint hypermobility syndrome include pain in the knees, fingers, hips, and elbows.
Often joint hypermobility causes no symptoms and requires no treatment. Treatments are cus Read More
- Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia
Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is a rare inherited spectrum of disorders characterized by malformation (dysplasia) of the "growing portion" or head of the long bones (epiphyses). Affected individuals may have an abnormally short thighbone (femur), unusually short hands and fingers, mild short stature, a waddling gait, and/or pain in the hips and knees. In some cases, painful swelling and inflammation of certain joints (arthritis) may be p Read More
Osteoarthritis is a joint inflammation that results from cartilage degeneration.
Osteoarthritis can be caused by aging, heredity, and injury from trauma or disease.
The most common symptom of osteoarthritis is pain in the affected joint(s) after repetitive use.
There is no blood test for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis.
The goal of treatment in osteoarthritis is to red Read More
- Osteochondritis dissecans
Osteochondritis dissecans facts
Osteochondritis dissecans is a joint condition whereby a variable amount of bone and its adjacent cartilage loses its blood supply.
The cause of osteochondritis dissecans is often unknown.
Symptoms include joint pain, stiffness, and even locking of the joint.
Osteochondritis dissecans is best diagnosed with imaging studies.
Arthroscopic surgery is a procedur Read More
- Paget's disease of bone
Paget's disease facts
Paget's disease is a chronic bone disorder.
Paget's disease frequently causes no symptoms.
Paget's disease can cause pain in the bones or joints, headaches and hearing loss, pressure on nerves, increased head size, bowing of limb, or curvature of spine.
Tests used to diagnose Paget's disease include X-rays, blood tests, and bone scanning.
Paget's disease can lead to o Read More